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What is vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a condition in which white patches develop on the skin.

What is the Cause of vitiligo?

  1. loss of black pigment (Melanin) in the skin, due to destruction of pigment-forming cells known as melanocytes.
  2. what initiates destruction of melanocytes is not known. There is no evidence in medical science to suggest the role of diet as cause for vitiligo.
  3. commonly found on sun-exposed areas of the body, including the hands, feet, arms, face, and lips.
  4. can cause cosmetic, psychological and social problems.
  5. presence of black hair on patch – indicates good chances of recovery.


1.Do all patients of vitiligo turn totally white?

Not really. In few patients depigmentation is limited to one or only a few areas of body. Some times depigmented patches develop on only one side of the body. In the majority of the patients depigmentation occurs symmetrically on both sides of the body. It slowly continues to spread and in few patients it may cover the entire body. In addition to white patches on the skin, people with vitiligo may have premature graying of the scalp hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, and beard. People with dark skin may notice a loss of color inside their mouths.

2.What treatment options are available?

The main goal of treating vitiligo is to improve appearance. Therapy for vitiligo takes a long time-it needs to be continued for 6 to 18 months or more. The choice of therapy depends on the number of white patches; their location, sizes, and activity - that is whether it is spreading to other parts of the body or are stable. Each patient responds differently to therapy, and a particular treatment may not work for everyone. Current treatment options for vitiligo include medical, surgical, and adjunctive therapies (therapies that can be used along with surgical or medical treatments).

Vitiligo Gallery